Dryer (1935 p. 124) established the name Homo (Africanthropus) helmei for the Florisbad cranium. Campbell (1965) lists the taxon as available and valid. McBrearty and Brooks (2000) invoke Homo helmei in their discussion on the origins of modern human behavior. Kuman et al. (1999) advocate for retaining the name for lack of a better in their discussion of the paleoenvironments and archaeology at Florisbad.