Woodward (1921) establsihes Homo rhodesiensis with the Kabwe skull, E686, as the holotype. Many regard the taxon as a subjective junior synoym of Homo heidelbergensis (e.g. ). Pycraft (1928) provides a detailed morphological description and establshes rhodesiensis as the type species for a new genus, Cyphanthropus. Grun et al. (2020) provide updated geochronology for the holotype and comments on the taxonomy. Additional commentary on systematics and taxonomy can be found in Athreya and Hopkins (2021), Schwartz and Tatersal (2010).