Homo rhodesiensis Woodward, 1921
Year: 1921
Taxonomic Rank: Species
Holotype: E686
Status: Potentially valid

Woodward (1921) established Homo rhodesiensis with the Kabwe skull, E686, as the holotype. Pycraft (1928) provided a detailed morphological description and established rhodesiensis as the type species for a new genus, Cyphanthropus. Grun et al. (2020) provided updated geochronology for the holotype and commented on the taxonomy. Additional commentary on systematics and taxonomy can be found in Athreya and Hopkins (2021), Schwartz and Tatersal (2010).

While this name has clear priority over other names associated with Middle Pleistocene (Chibanian) hominids from Africa, Roksandic et al. (2022) made a compelling argument for suppressing or ignoring the name to decolonize paleoanthropology (but see Delson and Stringer, 2022; Sarmiento and Pickford, 2022). The ICZN has no mechanism for suppressing names on these grounds and has demonstrated a reluctance to do so in prior petitions brought before the commission (Seríaco et al., 2023). For additional discussion on this topic see the entry for Homo bodoensis.

Additional References
W. P. Pycraft , G. E. Smith , M. Yearsley , J. T. Carter , R. A. Smith , A. T. Hopwood , D. M. A. Bate , and W. E. Swinton
Rhodesia Man and Associated Remains
Rhodesia Man and Associated Remains, Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History), London, 1928

G. von Bonin
Studien zum Homo rhodesiensis
Z. Morphol. Anthropol., 27(3), 347-381, 1930
J. H. Schwartz and I. Tattersall
Fossil evidence for the origin of Homo sapiens
American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 143(51), 94-121, 2010
R. Grün, A. Pike, F. McDermott, S. Eggins, G. Mortimer, M. Aubert, L. Kinsley, R. Joannes-Boyau, et al.
Dating the skull from Broken Hill, Zambia, and its position in human evolution
Nature, 580(7803), 372-375, 2020
S. Athreya and A. Hopkins
Conceptual issues in hominin taxonomy: Homo heidelbergensis and an ethnobiological reframing of species
Am. J. Phys. Anthropol., 17572, 4-26, 2021
M. Roksandic , P. Radović , X.-J. Wu , and C. J. Bae
Resolving the ``muddle in the middle'': The case for Homo bodoensis sp. nov
Evol. Anthropol., 31(1), 20-29, 2022
E. E. Sarmiento and M. Pickford
Muddying the muddle in the middle even more
Evol. Anthropol., 31(5), 237-239, 2022
E. Delson and C. Stringer
The naming of Homo bodoensis by Roksandic and colleagues does not resolve issues surrounding Middle Pleistocene human evolution
Evol. Anthropol., 31(5), 233-236, 2022
L. M. P. Seríaco, E. Aescht, S. T. Ahyong, A. Ballerio, P. Bouchard, T. Bourgoin, D. Dmitriev, N. Evenhuis, et al.
Renaming taxa on ethical grounds threatens nomenclatural stability and scientific communication. Communication from the International Commission on Zoological …
Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 2023