King (1864) established the name Homo neanderthalensis based on the Neanderthal 1 specimen recovered from Klein Feldhofer Grotto near Dusseldorf, Germany in 1856. Schmitz (2002) provided an analysis of the context of the original discovery site at Feldhofer Cave. Krings et al. (1997) established an early DNA record of neanderthals. Green et al. (2010) provided the first genomic analysis of neanderthals.