Abel (1920) established Archanthropus primigenius with La Chapelle-Aux-Saints as the holotype. The genus is a junior homonym to Archanthropus Arldt, 1915. The specific epithet primigenius is a secondary junior homonym to Homo javanensis primigenius Houzé, 1896 if La Chapelle and Trinil 2 are both placed in the genus Homo as is common. It is also an objective junior synonym to Homo chapellensis Buttel-Reepen, 1911, as both share the same holotype. Thus the name 'primigenius' is available but invalid.