Anthropopithecus erectus Dubois, 1892
Year: 1892
Taxonomic Rank: Species
Holotype: Trinil 2
Status: Potentially valid

Brinton (1885) uses the name "anthropopithecus" in reference to ape-man and in contrast to "anthropus" for man. Brinton uses the name informally and not as a proposal for a new taxon.

Dubois (1892) in a quarterly field report describes the discovery of a femur, and in that same report introduces the name Anthropopithecus erectus specifically for the partial cranium (calotte) referred to as Trinil 2 or "Skull 1".

Campbell (1965) lists the name as potentially valid and notes that the genus name Anthropopithecus was established by Blainville (1838) for the chimpanzee as Anthropopithecus troglodytes, but Anthropopithecus is an objective junior synonym for Pan Oken, 1816. Dubois (1894) subsequently moved erectus to the genus Pithecanthropus.

Meikle and Parker (1994) provide a full translation of Dubois's (1892) report.

Pithecanthropus erectus is widely considered a subjective junior synonym of Homo erectus (LeGros Clark, 1964; Groves, 1989; Maclatchey et al. 2010). The latter name, and thus the species epithet, 'erectus', is widely used today and generally considered valid.

See reviews by Rightmire (1981), Leonard (1997), Anton (2003) for opinions about the hypodigm for the taxon.


Authorship Reference
E. Dubois
Palaeontologische onderzoekingen op Java
Verslag van het Mijnwezen (May be published in 1893), 3, 10-14, 1892
Additional References
D. G. Brinton
Anthropos and anthropopithecus
Science, 5(105), 104, 1885
E. Dubois
Pithecanthropus Erectus. Eine menschenaehnliche Uebergangsform aus Java
Pithecanthropus Erectus. Eine menschenaehnliche Uebergangsform aus Java, G.E. Stechert & Co, New York, 1894

B. Campbell
The nomenclature of the hominidae, including a definitive list of hominid taxa
Occaisional Papers of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 22, 1-33, 1965

G. P. Rightmire
Patterns in the Evolution of Homo erectus
Paleobiology, 7(2), 241-246, 1981

C. Groves
A theory of human and primate evolution
Clarendon Press, 1989, ISBN 9780198576297, 0198576293

W. E. Meikle and S. T. Parker
Naming Our Ancestors
Waveland Press, 1994

W. R. Leonard and M. L. Robertson
Comparative primate energetics and hominid evolution
Am. J. Phys. Anthropol., 102(2), 265-281, 1997

V. Zeitoun
Revision de l'espèce Homo erectus (Dubois, 1893). Utilisation des données morphologiques et métriques en cladistique, reconsidération du cas Homo erectus
Bulletins et Mémoires de la Société d'Anthropologie de Paris, 12, 1-200, 2000
S. C. Antón
Natural history of Homo erectus
Am. J. Phys. Anthropol., 37, 126-170, 2003

L. M. Maclatchy , J. Desilva , W. J. Sanders , and B. Wood
Cenozoic Mammals of Africa, University of California Press, 2010