PaleoCore Terms

PaleoCore maintains a recommended set of terms drawn from the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative (DCMI) and Darwin Core standards. The set of PaleoCore terms represent a specific implementation of these standards for paleoanthropology. It includes many but not all of the terms from the Dublin Core and Darwin Core standards. 

Paleocore terms include classes and attributes. Classes reference different types of resources and entities such as a FossilSpecimen, Event, Location etc. In this regard they act like nouns in natural langauge. Attributes are characteristics of classes. Some attriubtes are meaningfully applied to only one class while some can cut across classes. For simplicity the index below groups each attribute under a single class.

Terms Index

The index lists the PaleoCore terms, their definitions and examples. The Uniform Resrouce Identifier (URI) is the long version of the term including its complete namespace. This helps disambiguate the term. For example the "Event" class occurs independently in Dublin Core and Darwin Core. PaleoCore references the Darwin Core version of the class and this is clear from the URI which points to the http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms namespace. Likewise, the namespace for Dublin Core is http://purl.org/dc/terms. URI's resemble Uniform Resource Locators (URLs) but they are different. A URI is like a full name or social security number; it is a unique, unambiguous identifier for a term or concept. It need not necessarily point to an active web page or web resource. In this case all the URIs also serve as URLs, with the links pointing to the Dublin Core and Darwin Core web pages hosting the official definitions for each term.

The Record Category

PaleoCore makes a clear distinction between an occurrence, such as a fossil specimen, and a digital resource, such as a database record, about that specimen; and by extension the attributes attributed to each is also different. Darwin Core and Dublin Core lack a class specifically for database records and for that reason it is the one grouping label that is not a proper term.

Typological Conventions

By convention term names, if they are two words or longer, do not include spaces between the words, and instead they are generally presented in camel case, e.g. catalogNumber. Classes are capitalized and attributes begin with lower case letters. The term index lists terms with spaces in some places for legibility only.

Class Index

Dataset | Event | Find | GeologicalContext | HumanObservation | Identification | Location | Occurrence | Taxon |


Terms Index

Event | Human Observation
day | eventDate | eventRemarks | fieldNumber | month | samplingEffort | samplingProtocol | year

Geological Context
bed | formation | group | member

Identification
dateIdentified | identificationQualifier | identificationRemarks | identifiedBy | typeStatus

Location
decimalLatitude | decimalLongitude | geodeticDatum | locality | spatial

Occurrence | Material Sample | Fossil Specimen
associatedMedia | catalogNumber | disposition | individualCount | lifeStage | occurrenceID | occurrenceRemarks | preparations | recordedBy | recordNumber | sex

Record | Dataset
accessRights | basisOfRecord | bibliographicCitation | collectionCode | collectionID | dataGeneralizations | datasetName | description | informationWithheld | institutionCode | institutionID | modified | references | rightsHolder | type

Taxon
class | family | genus | kingdom | order | phylum | scientificName | specificEpithet


Class Descriptions

Term Name: Dataset
Source Dublin Core
URI http://purl.org/dc/dcmitype/Dataset
DefinitionData encoded in a defined structure.
CommentExamples include lists, tables, and databases. A dataset may be useful for direct machine processing.
Term Name: Event
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event
DefinitionAn action that occurs at some location during some time.
Comment
Term Name: Find
Source PaleoCore
URI
DefinitionSomething discovered in the course of paleoanthropological research, sensu lato to include archaeology, paleontology and geology. A paleoanthropological thing.
CommentA fossil bone, a trace fossil, a stone tool, a fire hearth, a geological tuff.
Term Name: GeologicalContext
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext
DefinitionGeological information, such as stratigraphy, that qualifies a region or place.
CommentExample: A lithostratigraphic layer. For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:GeologicalContext
Term Name: HumanObservation
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/HumanObservation
DefinitionAn output of a human observation process.
CommentFor discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:HumanObservation. Example: The observation of a fossil in the field that is not collected. The record of the occurrence marks the observation of the fossil but is not tied to a material specimen in museum collection.
Term Name: Identification
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Identification
DefinitionA taxonomic determination (e.g., the assignment to a taxon).
CommentExample: A subspecies determination of an organism. For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:Identification
Term Name: Location
Source Dublin Core
URI http://purl.org/dc/terms/Location
DefinitionA spatial region or named place.
Comment
Term Name: Occurrence
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
DefinitionAn existence of an Organism (sensu http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Organism) at a particular place at a particular time.
CommentExamples: A wolf pack on the shore of Kluane Lake in 1988. A virus in a plant leaf in a the New York Botanical Garden at 15:29 on 2014-10-23. A fungus in Central Park in the summer of 1929. For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:Occurrence
Term Name: Taxon
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon
DefinitionA group of organisms (sensu http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/OBI_0100026) considered by taxonomists to form a homogeneous unit.
CommentExample: The genus Truncorotaloides as published by Brönnimann et al. in 1953 in the Journal of Paleontology Vol. 27(6) p. 817-820. For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:Taxon

Term Descriptions

Term Name: day
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/day
DefinitionThe integer day of the month on which the Event occurred.
CommentExamples: "9", "28". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:day
Term Name: eventDate
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventTime
DefinitionThe time or interval during which an Event occurred. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E).
CommentExamples: "14:07-0600" is 2:07pm in the time zone six hours earlier than UTC, "08:40:21Z" is 8:40:21am UTC, "13:00:00Z/15:30:00Z" is the interval between 1pm UTC and 3:30pm UTC. For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:eventTime
Term Name: eventRemarks
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventRemarks
DefinitionComments or notes about the Event.
CommentExample: "after the recent rains the river is nearly at flood stage". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:eventRemarks
Term Name: fieldNumber
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/fieldNumber
DefinitionAn identifier given to the event in the field. Often serves as a link between field notes and the Event.
CommentExample: "RV Sol 87-03-08". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:fieldNumber
Term Name: month
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/month
DefinitionThe ordinal month in which the Event occurred.
CommentExamples: "1" (=January), "10" (=October). For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:month
Term Name: samplingEffort
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/samplingEffort
DefinitionThe amount of effort expended during an Event.
CommentExamples: "40 trap-nights", "10 observer-hours; 10 km by foot; 30 km by car". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:samplingEffort
Term Name: samplingProtocol
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/samplingProtocol
DefinitionThe name of, reference to, or description of the method or protocol used during an Event.
CommentExamples: "UV light trap", "mist net", "bottom trawl", "ad hoc observation", "point count", "Penguins from space: faecal stains reveal the location of emperor penguin colonies, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-8238.2009.00467.x", "Takats et al. 2001. Guidelines for Nocturnal Owl Monitoring in North America. Beaverhill Bird Observatory and Bird Studies Canada, Edmonton, Alberta. 32 pp.", "http://www.bsc-eoc.org/download/Owl.pdf". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:samplingProtocol
Term Name: year
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/year
DefinitionThe four-digit year in which the Event occurred, according to the Common Era Calendar.
CommentExample: "2008". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:year
Term Name: bed
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/bed
DefinitionImported
CommentFor discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:bed
Term Name: formation
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/formation
DefinitionThe full name of the lithostratigraphic formation from which the cataloged item was collected.
CommentExamples: "Notch Peak Fromation", "House Limestone", "Fillmore Formation". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:formation
Term Name: group
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/group
DefinitionThe full name of the lithostratigraphic group from which the cataloged item was collected.
CommentFor discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:group
Term Name: member
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/member
DefinitionThe full name of the lithostratigraphic member from which the cataloged item was collected.
CommentExamples: "Lava Dam Member", "Hellnmaria Member". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:member
Term Name: dateIdentified
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/dateIdentified
DefinitionThe date on which the subject was identified as representing the Taxon. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E).
CommentExamples: "1963-03-08T14:07-0600" is 8 Mar 1963 2:07pm in the time zone six hours earlier than UTC, "2009-02-20T08:40Z" is 20 Feb 2009 8:40am UTC, "1809-02-12" is 12 Feb 1809, "1906-06" is Jun 1906, "1971" is just that year, "2007-03-01T13:00:00Z/2008-05-11T15:30:00Z" is the interval between 1 Mar 2007 1pm UTC and 11 May 2008 3:30pm UTC, "2007-11-13/15" is the interval between 13 Nov 2007 and 15 Nov 2007. For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:dateIdentified
Term Name: identificationQualifier
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identificationQualifier
DefinitionA brief phrase or a standard term ("cf.", "aff.") to express the determiner's doubts about the Identification.
CommentExamples: 1) For the determination "Quercus aff. agrifolia var. oxyadenia", identificationQualifier would be "aff. agrifolia var. oxyadenia" with accompanying values "Quercus" in genus, "agrifolia" in specificEpithet, "oxyadenia" in infraspecificEpithet, and "var." in rank. 2) For the determination "Quercus agrifolia cf. var. oxyadenia", identificationQualifier would be "cf. var. oxyadenia " with accompanying values "Quercus" in genus, "agrifolia" in specificEpithet, "oxyadenia" in infraspecificEpithet, and "var." in rank. For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:identificationQualifier
Term Name: identificationRemarks
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identificationRemarks
DefinitionComments or notes about the Identification.
CommentExample: "Distinguished between Anthus correndera and Anthus hellmayri based on the comparative lengths of the uñas.". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:identificationRemarks
Term Name: identifiedBy
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identifiedBy
DefinitionA list (concatenated and separated) of names of people, groups, or organizations who assigned the Taxon to the subject.
CommentThe recommended best practice is to separate the values with a vertical bar (' | '). Examples: "James L. Patton", "Theodore Pappenfuss | Robert Macey". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:identifiedBy
Term Name: typeStatus
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/typeStatus
DefinitionA list (concatenated and separated) of nomenclatural types (type status, typified scientific name, publication) applied to the subject.
CommentThe recommended best practice is to separate the values with a vertical bar (' | '). Examples: "holotype of Ctenomys sociabilis. Pearson O. P., and M. I. Christie. 1985. Historia Natural, 5(37):388", "holotype of Pinus abies | holotype of Picea abies". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:typeStatus
Term Name: decimalLatitude
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
DefinitionThe geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
CommentExample: "-41.0983423". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:decimalLatitude
Term Name: decimalLongitude
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
DefinitionThe geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
CommentExample: "-121.1761111". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:decimalLongitude
Term Name: geodeticDatum
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/geodeticDatum
DefinitionThe ellipsoid, geodetic datum, or spatial reference system (SRS) upon which the geographic coordinates given in decimalLatitude and decimalLongitude as based. Recommended best practice is use the EPSG code as a controlled vocabulary to provide an SRS, if known. Otherwise use a controlled vocabulary for the name or code of the geodetic datum, if known. Otherwise use a controlled vocabulary for the name or code of the ellipsoid, if known. If none of these is known, use the value "unknown".
CommentExamples: "EPSG:4326", "WGS84", "NAD27", "Campo Inchauspe", "European 1950", "Clarke 1866". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:geodeticDatum
Term Name: locality
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/locality
DefinitionThe specific description of the place. Less specific geographic information can be provided in other geographic terms (higherGeography, continent, country, stateProvince, county, municipality, waterBody, island, islandGroup). This term may contain information modified from the original to correct perceived errors or standardize the description. For paleontology, best practice is to follow established convention of numbered and named paleontological localities.
CommentExample: "Bariloche, 25 km NNE via Ruta Nacional 40 (=Ruta 237)". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:locality
Term Name: spatial
Source Dublin Core
URI http://purl.org/dc/terms/spatial
DefinitionSpatial characteristics of the resource.
Comment
Term Name: associatedMedia
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedMedia
Definitionhttp://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence
CommentA list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers (publication, global unique identifier, URI) of media associated with the Occurrence.
Term Name: catalogNumber
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/catalogNumber
DefinitionAn identifier (preferably unique) for the record within the data set or collection.
CommentExamples: "2008.1334", "145732a", "145732". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:catalogNumber
Term Name: disposition
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/disposition
DefinitionThe physical storage location of an item. All items collected by the drp are stored in the National Museum of Ethiopia (NME) in numbered drawers.
Comment"NME drawer 14"
Term Name: individualCount
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/individualCount
DefinitionThe number of individuals represented present at the time of the Occurrence.
CommentExamples: "1", "25". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:individualCount
Term Name: lifeStage
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/lifeStage
DefinitionThe age class or life stage of the biological individual(s) at the time the Occurrence was recorded. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
CommentExamples: "egg", "eft", "juvenile", "adult", "2 adults 4 juveniles". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:lifeStage
Term Name: occurrenceID
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceID
DefinitionAn identifier for the Occurrence (as opposed to a particular digital record of the occurrence). In the absence of a persistent global unique identifier, construct one from a combination of identifiers in the record that will most closely make the occurrenceID globally unique.
CommentFor a specimen in the absence of a bona fide global unique identifier, for example, use the form: "urn:catalog:[institutionCode]:[collectionCode]:[catalogNumber]. Examples: "urn:lsid:nhm.ku.edu:Herps:32", "urn:catalog:FMNH:Mammal:145732". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:occurrenceID
Term Name: occurrenceRemarks
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceRemarks
DefinitionComments or notes about the Occurrence.
Comment
Term Name: preparations
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/preparations
DefinitionA list (concatenated and separated) of preparations and preservation methods for a specimen.
CommentThe recommended best practice is to separate the values with a vertical bar (' | '). Examples: "fossil", "cast", "photograph", "DNA extract", "skin | "skull | skeleton", "whole animal (ETOH) | tissue (EDTA)". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:preparations
Term Name: recordedBy
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/recordedBy
DefinitionA list (concatenated and separated) of names of people, groups, or organizations responsible for recording the original Occurrence. The primary collector or observer, especially one who applies a personal identifier (recordNumber), should be listed first.
Comment
Term Name: recordNumber
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/recordNumber
DefinitionAn identifier given to the Occurrence at the time it was recorded. Often serves as a link between field notes and an Occurrence record, such as a specimen collector's number.
CommentExample: "OPP 7101". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:recordNumber
Term Name: sex
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/sex
DefinitionThe sex of the biological individual(s) represented in the Occurrence. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
CommentExamples: "female", "hermaphrodite", "8 males, 4 females". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:sex
Term Name: accessRights
Source Dublin Core
URI http://purl.org/dc/terms/accessRights
DefinitionInformation about who can access the resource or an indication of its security status.
Comment
Term Name: basisOfRecord
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/basisOfRecord
DefinitionThe specific nature of the data record.
CommentRecommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the list of Darwin Core classes. Examples: "PreservedSpecimen", "FossilSpecimen", "LivingSpecimen", "HumanObservation", "MachineObservation". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:basisOfRecord
Term Name: bibliographicCitation
Source Dublin Core
URI http://purl.org/dc/terms/bibliographicCitation
DefinitionA bibliographic reference for the resource.
Comment
Term Name: collectionCode
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/collectionCode
DefinitionThe name, acronym, coden, or initialism identifying the collection or data set from which the record was derived.
CommentExamples: "Mammals", "Hildebrandt", "eBird". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:collectionCode
Term Name: collectionID
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/collectionID
DefinitionAn identifier for the collection or dataset from which the record was derived.
CommentFor physical specimens, the recommended best practice is to use an identifier from a collections registry such as the Global Registry of Biodiversity Repositories (http://grbio.org/). Examples: "http://biocol.org/urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:1001", "http://grbio.org/cool/p5fp-c036). Examples: "http://biocol.org/urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:1001", "http://grbio.org/cool/p5fp-c036". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:collectionID
Term Name: dataGeneralizations
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/dataGeneralizations
DefinitionActions taken to make the shared data less specific or complete than in its original form. Suggests that alternative data of higher quality may be available on request.
CommentExample: "Coordinates generalized from original GPS coordinates to the nearest half degree grid cell". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:dataGeneralizations
Term Name: datasetName
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/datasetName
DefinitionThe name identifying the data set from which the record was derived.
CommentExamples: "Grinnell Resurvey Mammals", "Lacey Ctenomys Recaptures". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:datasetName
Term Name: description
Source Dublin Core
URI http://purl.org/dc/terms/description
DefinitionAn account of the resource.
CommentDescription may include but is not limited to: an abstract, a table of contents, a graphical representation, or a free-text account of the resource.
Term Name: informationWithheld
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/informationWithheld
DefinitionAdditional information that exists, but that has not been shared in the given record.
CommentExamples: "location information not given for endangered species", "collector identities withheld", "ask about tissue samples". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:informationWithheld
Term Name: institutionCode
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/institutionCode
DefinitionThe name (or acronym) in use by the institution having custody of the object(s) or information referred to in the record.
CommentExamples: "MVZ", "FMNH", "AKN-CLO", "University of California Museum of Paleontology (UCMP)". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:institutionCode
Term Name: institutionID
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/institutionID
DefinitionAn identifier for the institution having custody of the object(s) or information referred to in the record.
CommentFor physical specimens, the recommended best practice is to use an identifier from a collections registry such as the Global Registry of Biodiversity Repositories (http://grbio.org/). Examples: "http://biocol.org/urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34777", "http://grbio.org/cool/km06-gtbn). Examples: "http://biocol.org/urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34777", "http://grbio.org/cool/km06-gtbn". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:institutionID
Term Name: modified
Source Dublin Core
URI http://purl.org/dc/terms/modified
DefinitionDate on which the resource was changed.
CommentIn the context of PaleoCore, modified indicates when a digital resource is modified, rather than the material object referenced by the digital resource, .e.g the date and time the database record about a fossil was last modified as opposed to the date when the fossil itself was modified.
Term Name: references
Source Dublin Core
URI http://purl.org/dc/terms/references
DefinitionA related resource that is referenced, cited, or otherwise pointed to by the described resource.
Comment
Term Name: rightsHolder
Source Dublin Core
URI http://purl.org/dc/terms/rightsHolder
DefinitionA person or organization owning or managing rights over the resource.
Comment
Term Name: type
Source Dublin Core
URI http://purl.org/dc/terms/type
DefinitionThe nature or genre of the resource. PaleoCore uses its own type vocabulary.
CommentPaleocore users a structured vocabulary: archaeology, biology, geology. Similar in function to the Darwin Core term basisOfRecord which is used to distinguish fossilSpecimen from HumanObservation.
Term Name: class
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/class
DefinitionThe full scientific name of the class in which the taxon is classified.
CommentExamples: "Mammalia", "Hepaticopsida". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:class
Term Name: family
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/family
DefinitionThe full scientific name of the family in which the taxon is classified.
CommentExamples: "Felidae", "Monocleaceae". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:family
Term Name: genus
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/genus
DefinitionThe full scientific name of the genus in which the taxon is classified.
CommentExamples: "Puma", "Monoclea". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:genus
Term Name: kingdom
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/kingdom
DefinitionThe full scientific name of the kingdom in which the taxon is classified.
CommentExamples: "Animalia", "Plantae". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:kingdom
Term Name: order
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/order
DefinitionThe full scientific name of the order in which the taxon is classified.
CommentExamples: "Carnivora", "Monocleales". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:order
Term Name: phylum
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/phylum
DefinitionThe full scientific name of the phylum or division in which the taxon is classified.
CommentExamples: "Chordata" (phylum), "Bryophyta" (division). For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:phylum
Term Name: scientificName
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/scientificName
DefinitionThe full scientific name, with authorship and date information if known. When forming part of an Identification, this should be the name in lowest level taxonomic rank that can be determined. This term should not contain identification qualifications, which should instead be supplied in the identificationQualifier term.
CommentExamples: "Coleoptera" (order), "Vespertilionidae" (family), "Manis" (genus), "Ctenomys sociabilis" (genus + specificEpithet), "Ambystoma tigrinum diaboli" (genus + specificEpithet + infraspecificEpithet), "Roptrocerus typographi (Györfi, 1952)" (genus + specificEpithet + scientificNameAuthorship), "Quercus agrifolia var. oxyadenia (Torr.) J.T. Howell" (genus + specificEpithet + taxonRank + infraspecificEpithet + scientificNameAuthorship). For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:scientificName
Term Name: specificEpithet
Source Darwin Core
URI http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/specificEpithet
DefinitionThe name of the first or species epithet of the scientificName.
CommentExamples: "concolor", "gottschei". For discussion see http://terms.tdwg.org/wiki/dwc:specificEpithet